Between January and June 2018, a shared learning project was run with the University of the Third Age in Greenwich. As with the London and Middlesex SLP, the team was charged with using the hearth tax returns as a starting point and following their interest to reveal stories of Greenwich and the people who lived there in the late seventeenth century. In this post, Jackie Davies uses the hearth tax to explore the relatively wealthy area of Dock and Tavern Row.
Greenwich, 1664: Dock and Tavern Row (35 households listed with chargeable hearths) (Jackie Davies)
In 1695 Tavern Row still exists. The area known as The Dock is already occupied by the Naval Hospital (B in the diagram). On the map below, a yellow ring is around where the Hearth Tax return for Dock and Tavern Row might have been.
The map comes from the National Maritime Museum Greenwich, as can be seen from the watermark. The interactive map is available online http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/540948.html?_ga=2.160168699.777766752.1519067640-1380402391.1518333452 and is described as the map where it is described as made by Samuel Travers Esqr. Surveyor General 1695 as part of a of the Kings lordship or manor of East Greenwich. In 1668 the Chancery pays (the estate of) Hamond Chadwick, who has a house in the Dock, £500 to pull down the house. I think this is evidence that the house is where the hospital now stands.
Dock and Tavern Row is a comparatively wealthy area with 74% of households with 3 or more hearths compared with an average of approximately 50%. Two of the 35 are heads of households are women. I have been able to find a few of the original people and more often their heirs in the 1695 work. I have also found reference to their families in baptisms, marriages and burials. Some have PCC wills (Prerogative court of Cantebury) and there are a few other scraps. Hamond Chadwick, already mentioned, is one of these people, and his will and other information are stet out below. I was delighted to find evidence that Reuben Goulding of this area was the musical barber who served Samuel Pepys, but I have not found evidence that Sarah Clarke was Pepys’ landlady. Unlike Combes Hill there are few people included in other histories from the Dock and Tavern Row area, however there is the first governor of St Helena: Captain John Dutton. I had expected to find lots of references to Taverns, but the records only confirm a few households as involved in the trade. The first person listed has a tenement called Lalmpbenn
Here are the Taxable households:
Ball, Elizabeth 12 hearths. May be the widow of Edward Ball. There are baptisms for Edward Ball’s children at St Alfege: Edward 1647, Edward 1648, Charles 1649, Elizabeth 1652. Elizabeth Ball, widow, bur. St Alfege 30 May 1711.
Ball, Luke, 2 hearths Wm Ball ‘a youth’ bur 9/1661, Luke Ball bur 7/1666, widow Ball 11/1666, In 1695 there is a Luke Ball, son of Luke Ball, waterman. (next generation?). Mar 1696 Luke son of Luke ball is bur. Luke Ball (Labourer) bur. 3/1708/9. Burial of Widow Ball (11/1666)
Bannester, William, 6 hearths. 4 children baptised at St Alfege to father William Bannester: Allen 1630, Sara 1635, Elizabeth 1637, Nathaniel 1640. Pepys met a Mr Bannister in Westminster in August 1666 (He travelled home to Greenwich with Capt Cocke on the same day – not a clear link to Wm B).
Blissett, Richard, 5 hearths. Baps of 4 children of Ric Blisset, at Greenwich: Jane (Feb 1654), Mary (Oct 1656), Wm (July 1658), Ric (Nov 1659). Richard Blisset was buried 19 May 1697 at St Alfege, as a resident of the almshouse, Trinity College:
Other Blissets include Mark Blissett, buried St Alfege, Sept 1679. (see Church Wall) Burials: Elizabeth Blissett, wife of Matt B, 5/1666, Widow Blisset 5/1668. In the earlier records of 1630, There is an Eizabeth Blysett, dr of Marke Blysett baptised, Jan 1637(8).
Bosvill, Mr. Robert, 6 hearths Possibly born Eynsford, Kent, in 1633 to Henry Bosvile (listed in the Visitation of Kent in 1663-1668). A Robert Bossevill (a son of Hen B) married Jane/Jone in 1657 in Eynsford.
Mr Bosseville ‘carried to London (22/8/1664 is probably Francis. There is a PCC will for a Francis Bosvile, gentleman of East Greenwich in 1664 (PROB 11/315/126) Francis was son of Walter Bosville of Beckenham Kent Esq (Francis and Walter are listed near Robert and Henry in the alphabetical work of the visitation of Kent 1663-1668). In his will, Francis Bosvill, gent, appointed Walter as his heir/executor, and witnesses incl Roger Clissold, Wm Bonford and Fras August (latter with 10 hearth house in Church Wall). Greenwich burials record August burial of a Mr Bossvill, whose body was then carried to London. Burial of Mr Bosseville 12/1666 may be Robert Bosvil.
Broughton, James, 2 hearths. June 1662 Charles Broughton, son of James Broughton, waterman of Greenwich, was apprenticed to John Worrell, vintner Webb’s index 1662 (p 39 in Webb). Burial of Broton, widow (11/1668), Bur Charles Broughton son of Samuel 1679
Browne, Thomas, 2 hearths. A Thos, son of Peter Browne, was bap at Greenwich, Sept 1639. He may also be the Warden of Trinity College in Crane Street. The warden, listed in the 1664 hearth tax list is Thomas Browne. There is a PCC will for a Henry Browne, ‘Warden of the Hospital of the Holy and undivided Trinity of East Greenwich’ in June 1673 PROB 11/342/162 MZ suggests Henry is a son or brother. Family recommendation was acceptable.
Brunton, Nicholas, 2 hearths. Only Nic Brunton found buried in Oxford Sept 1670 ‘Servitor’ (unlikely to be from Dock and Tavern Row??)
Buddell, William, 4 hearths. A Mary B, da of Wm Buddle, was bap in Greenwich, March 1658.
Castleman, Edward, 5 hearths. Four children of Edw C baptised at St Alfege: Mary (Dec 1651); Philip (Sept 1653); Eliz (May 1655); Edw (Aug 1657).
Chadwick, Hamond, 14 hearths. Burials: Chadwick, Harman’s wife (5/1666)
Chadwick, Harman,in the church (8/1667)
PCC will of Hamond Chadwick, vintner of East Greenwich, 1667, PROB 11/3234/466) incl:
- To my son John Chadwick £60 which is in my house to be put out by overseers to good hands until son is 21. £20 to John for setting up and putting out to apprentice for some good trade as he shall like to set him, with his apparel.
- To da Margaret Lewis, widow of Charles Lewis, household goods now in her house bought of her late husband as by his bill of sale.
- Remainder to be divided
- Half to my son John Chadwick
- Half to my 3 daughters
- Martha Gray, wife of Richard Gray, mariner
- Margaret Lewis, late wife of Charles Lewis
- Elizabeth Crow wife of Ralph Crow, mariner.
If John dies before he’s age 21, then his portion shall come to 3 daughters and their heirs. John Chadwick apt sole exec,with overseers Thomas Raymond of Deptford, brewer and Robert Smyth of East Greenwich,yeoman (referred to as friends). They to approve apprenticeship and marriage before 21. To TR and RS each £5. Witnesses James Hart and Samuel … July 26 1667.
Margt ‘Chidwick’ marr Charles Lewis, at Charlton, March 1657.
In 1668, in Calendar of Treasury Books, £500 to Hamond Chadwick for pulling down his house at Greenwich to make way for the King’s buildings, to be in lieu of a former order of Treasurer Southampton which was not executed. (So is it his son John who had £500 for the house to be pulled down?)
Charlton, Thomas, 2 hearths. Greenwich bap register: bap of Thos, son of Rog Charleton, Sept 1637; and of Thos, son of Thos Charlton, March 1645. Bur Kath Charlton 7/1661
Clarke, Sarah, 3 hearths. Some notes in Pepys website suggest she is the landlady of Pepys (but she only has 3 hearths!). A Sarah Girdler marr Thos Clarke in Greenwich, Feb 1648.
Burials: Clark, Jn (9/1666)
Clark, Jn’s wife (10/1665)
Clark, Mr, a mason (09/1664)
Clark, Thos (09/1665)
Clarke, Nic (5/1668)
Davis Mathew, 1 hearth. (In Kimbell’s collection, Travers 1695 survey has ‘widow Davis’ around the dock). In 1695 Mathew, son of Mathew Davis, waterman at the Crane, was buried. This might be the grandson of the Mathew in 1664. burials: Davis, Geo, ‘servant to Capt Crispe’ (3/1668) Davis, Powell (12/1668)
Denman, John, 2 hearths. A Jn Denman, waterman, was bur at Greenwich, Oct 1705.
Doe, Nicholas, 5 hearths. Bap at Greenwich of Nic, son of Nic Doe, Apr 1657 and bur 8 Feb 1658. and bap of Andrew, son of Nic Doe, Aug 1658. Bur Doe, Nic (5/1666) Nicholas Doe is listed as Petty Constable.
Dutton, John, Captain. 5 hearths. Edw, son of Jn Dutton, bap Greenwich, Feb 1656.
Governor of St Helena 28 Oct 1659-1661 (held by British Library: Asian and African Studies Reference: E/3/85 f 125. John may be the John Dutton, son of Hugh Dutton, waterman, 29 Nov 1630, baptised St Lawrence Pountney, City of London. (there are other John Duttons). History of St Helena says that Captain John Dutton’s wife travelled with 59-61. In May 1667 wife of Capt Dutton buried.
Edghill, Adam, 5 hearths From Parish registers on Ancestry.co.uk
Thomas Edghill baptised 22 Sep 1663 St Alfege, father Adam Edghill.
Adam Edgell baptised 7 Nov 1666 at St Alfege to father Adam Edgell.
Ellis, John, 7 hearths. In Aug 1650 Elizabeth, da of Jn Ellis, baptised at St Alfege. Bur Mrs Mary Ellis, da. Of Robert Ellis 12/1667.
Everist, Mr. John, 5 hearths. (several John Everist born in Kent, None in Greenwich.) There is a John Everitt born Greenwich 1637. Both were names in 1660s)
Gladman, Mr Thomas, 6 hearths. Bur Richard Gladman and his da. Mary 6/1666. Does hte family later live in Deptford? In 1700s butchers called Gladman in Deptford. http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Libr/MIs/MIsDeptford/MIsDeptford.htm
Glanvill, Benjamin, 12 Hearths, London Merchant (mainly tin?) with significant involvement in the East India Company. Extensive notes made in Marine Lives including special agent to Bruges. A Richard, son of Benj Glanvile, bap in Greenwich, 31 May 1655, and bur 11 June 1656. There was a memorial to “Richard, son of Benjamin Glanvill, merchant, 1656” in the old St Alfege church (Michael has also found reference to burial of a sons in the church: Chas, son of Benj G, ‘bur in the church’ (02/1662) and Benj, son of Mr Ben Glanvil, in the church (06/1663). Bur of Mr Benj G at Greenwich, Feb 1681.
Benjamin may be a brother of William Glanville (1618-1702) listed in History of Parliamentary), of Wonford, Devon and Greenwich, Kent who was was MP for Queensborough 1681 and son–in-lawtoJn Evelyn.
Goulding, Reuben, 2 hearths. Baps of Wm, son of Reuben G (1651); Sim, son of Reuben G, 1654 (also bur 1654); Mary, da of Reuben G (1656) and another Mary, da of Reuben G (1659). Ruben Goulding’s youth bur 5/1666. Ruben Goulding’s wife bur 6/1666. He remarried Mary Bradshaw, spinster of G, at G, Oct 1666. Is this the musical barber liked by Pepys?? (1662, 1665):
There is also a Susan G, wife of Steph Goulding, bur in church (04/1664)
Milles, Henry, gent, 6 hearths. Baps at Greenwich of Thos, son of Hen Mills (May 1640); another son bap May 1647; and another Thos, son of Hen Mills (Aug 1648). A Hen Mills bur 10/1666. Wife of Hen Mills bur 8/1667.
PCC will for Henry Mills, yeoman of East Greenwich, June 1671 PROB 11/336/308 (Difficult to read – but gist is he must be older as leaving money to 6 grandchildren.) He has 5 friends as feoffees: Master Plume, minister of the Parish; Edward Nash (possibly Captain E Nash 9 heaths East Lane E; Francis Goone (maybe Francis Gunn of Stable Street); Geoge Petley of Tendridge/Tenterton/Tunbridge); John Stanford of Gt. Peckham,Kent, tanner. Legacies: to the poor, 40 shillings worth of bread. Feoffees to get £20 shillings a piece. Exec = grandchild Ric Mills; house and land at Tenterden called Percival to pay my daughter Damsical /Dansyval out of it £10 p.a. And if she dies to go to grandchild Richard; my tenant in house in Peckham shall have a new lease, paying old rent; to grandchild Olive Mends my 3 houses and gardens in Tunbridge [and another town/village]; to grandchild Henry Pointer, an annuity of 12 shillings at Clagget ward Turnbridge, bequest to John Huberts and his heirs; to my 2 grandchildren of Margt of Tunbridge, £1 each; to my 3 grandchildren of my dead son Sever, £1 each; book debts, bills and bonds which are from the king to be sold for the clearing up; Richard Mills is to be put to service; remainder to be divided between my 6 grandchildren. Wit: Edward Gray
Oxmond, John, 2 hearths. John Oxman has daughter baptised in St Alfege in 1642. (Ann)
Penn, Mathew (?mariner) 7 Hearths. Penn, Matt buried in the church (1/1669) November 1703 will of Mathew Penn, mariner belonging to their Majesties Ship Defiant of Saint Mary Whitechapel, Middlesex PROB 11/472/276 Mathew Penn of Whitechapel had a son bap Jan 1667 in Whitechapel. Also ref to Mathew Penn with mother Katherine in Whitechapel.
Smyth, Mr. William, 10 Hearths. In 1660 in the marriage licenses a Damaris Smyth (his daughter?) marries aged 24 with consent of Father William Smith 30th Oct. In the London Livery Company Apprentice Reg 1609-1800 (by Cliff Webb) Theophillis Avery, christened 1648 at St Alfege, son of a waterman called John Avery (deceased), was apprenticed to William Smyth in 1664. I think this is the son of Elinor Avery, also in the hearth tax. Wm Smyth’s wife dies 7/1667. 1668 William Smith bequeaths Blew Boar Tavern of Greenwich and wife Damaris. (In burials ‘A child from the Blew Boar’ bur 8/1667.) Reference to Sir William Smyth Swan and College in Kimbell. (another William Smith?) (There are people called Smith in the burial records, but not William or Damaris).
Burials for Smith/Smyth.
Smith, Giles, ‘drowned’ (11/1663)
Smith, Matthias (8/1666)
Smith, Robt’s wife, in the church (08/1664)
Smith, Thos’ wife (10/1665)
Smith, widow ‘of the Queen’s College’ (03/1663)
Smyth, Ant (4/1668)
Smyth, Robt, in the church (10/1668)
Smyth, Robt, in the church (10/1669)
Smyth, Thos, of the Lord’s College (5/1661)
Smyth, Wm’s wife (7/1667) [listed above]
Smyth, Thomas, Mr. 6 Hearths
There are two Thomas Smyths’. One of D&T and one of King’s Barn with 4 hearths. There is a PCC will for a Thos Smith, ‘Fisherman’ of Greenwich Nov 1665 (PROB 11/318/552. Thomas Smith dies 27th September and his wife Iana (Jane) dies 2 days later on 29th September 1665. The short will(s) are nuncupative. Thomas calls Jane, his wife, to his bedside, and freely gives to her all his chattels… witness Margaret Taylor, Joan Philpott, August Rochford and Peter Devitt. Two days later Jane leaves her goods to her sister Katherine Jacobs (possibly wife of Jacob Jacobs?) The burial of Thomas Smith’s wife in October 1665 is listed in the burials above. [This Fisherman is more likely to be CAPTAIN who is in King’s Barn. Captn Tho Smyth has a daughter Elizabeth in 1663.
There is also a second will for a Thomas Smith of East Greenwich 30/9/1671, butcher who leaves his estate in the hands of a wife Elizabeth to divide in to three between Tho Smith’s daughter once 18, Elizabeth and Elizabeth’s son (hard to read, but think that’s what is meant). If a dispute, to be settled by John Mann, Royal Official Master of His Majesty’s Barge. Witnesses Henry Morris [5 hearths, church wall] and Edward Turner [11 hearths High Street East] (PROB 11/337/230).
In 1695 Travers survey there is a reference to Thomas Smith(s). For example, in 1670(s) Thomas Smith proves by oath that Sir William Boreman cut down royal trees worth £100. WmS. also owns land near Crane Street.
In MarineLives Mr Thomas Smyth. Just possibly Thomas Smith (b. ?, d. ca. 1671), butcher, of East Greenwich (PROB 5/1208 SMITH, Thomas, of East Greenwich, Kent, butcher [Registered will: PROB 11/337] 1671; PROB 11/337 Duke 102-158 Will of Thomas Smith, Butcher of East Greenwich, Kent 30 September 1671)
Stevens, Henry, 3 hearths. Baptism in Greenwich of Henry,son of Henrey Stevens, Dec 1643. Wife of Richard Stevens bur 10/1663. Widow Stevens bur 9/1662 and 7/1666. Christian Stevens, wife of Mr Wm S bur 9/1664.A Hen Stevens was bur in Greenwich in July 1679. There is a reference to William Stephens in Kimbell. Francis Gunn in 1670 refers in his will to 5 tenements in the Dock of East Greenwich bought from James Moore Gent. These tenements are occupied by Henry Stevens, William Moore, Widow J/Tiney, widow Hogwood, [and another] widow.
Worrell, Mr. John (?vintner),14 Hearths Baptisms in St Alfege: Elizabeth, da of John Worrell, 31 Dec 1657, and John, son of John Worrell, 1659. In Webb’s book on apprentices (at LMO) John Worrell, ‘vintner’ took on Charles Broughton, son of James, as an apprentice in 1662. Amy, da of Mr Jn W, bur in church (10/1663). Mr Worrall’s maid bur 11/1665. Mr Worrall’s youth bur 5/1666. Mr John Worral’s child Edward bur 5/1668.. Kent Marriage licences WARTER John, of the Inner Temple, London, gent, bachelor, 40, and Jane WORRELL, of Greenwich, Kent, spinster, 26, – at Christchurch, London. 15 Nov 1687. PCC will for a John Worrell, ‘masters mate’ of the Breda of Bermondsey 11/494/78, in April 1707 (likely to be someone else?). In 1674 John Worrell is witness to the will of Mary Gunn PROB 11/347/74
Walker, Edward, 3 hearths. Bap of Edward, son of George Walker at Greenwich, 29 Aug 1628. Baps of John, son of Edw W (Dec 1654); Edw, son of Edw W (Oct 1656); and Fras, son of Edw W (Feb 1658). Matt Walker of the Lord’s College was bur. August 1996, Robt W bur. Sept 1665, Jn Walker “A poor man from John Walker’s” was buried Dec 1669.
Wray, Thomas, 5 hearths. Bap of Thos ‘Wrays’, son of Geo W, in Greenwich, Apr. 1632.
Two possible wills, neither are strong matches:
1709 Mariner on “The Ipswich” PROB 11/512/221
1679 Yeoman of Higham, Kent PROB 11/359/702
A Geo Wray was bur in Greenwich, June 1665. And widow Wray in December 1665